Basketball, or simply basketball, is a team sport played between two sets of five players each for four periods or quarters of ten or twelve minutes each. The team’s objective is to score points by putting a ball through the basket, a hoop 3.05 meters above the court surface. The score for each basket is two or three points, depending on the position from which the shot is made, or one if it is a free throw due to a foul by an opposing player. The winning team is the one with the highest number of points.  James Naismith, a Canadian physical education teacher, invented basketball in 1891 at the YMCA in Springfield, Massachusetts, USA. The sport quickly gained popularity and spread to American universities and colleges in the early 20th century. The International Basketball Federation (FIBA) emerged in 1932 and the sport debuted at the Summer Olympics in 1936.

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